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This page is just some of the things I've learnt as a teenager..


When I was around 10 year old I was in a voluntary organisation called ‘Civil Aid’ where we did First Aid and Fire Coverage at many events around England. All members had full training in First Aid, Fire fighting, Rescue, Phonetic Alphabet, Morse code and much more. We used to help the Saint John’s Ambulance Brigade with radio coverage using Pye Radio’s


Civil Aid also had a Fire Engine, Ambulance and a Rescue Vehicle that were all used many times while doing arena events showing all the different emergencies that we could assist with!


We also had a number of camping weekends where we had training in rescue and searching for lost people. Two other camping trips I remember were when we did first aid, fire coverage and one of our unit leaders did the flags for the pilots as a form of safety so they knew when to take off and land at the Air shows in Scotland and Wales!!


I’ve learnt lots of amazing things over the years and I loved every minute!!


These are just some of things I learnt in First Aid & Rescue


How to take someone's pulse

 Blood is moved around your body by a pumping action of the heart. At certain points of the body you can feel a pulse, which tells you how regular the pumping action is.

The easiest place to feel a pulse is on the wrist. Place your fingers just below the thumb joint on the wrist of your other hand. Move your fingers around until you find the pulse, and then count the number of beats in 30 seconds. Multiply the number by two: this gives the rate per minute. The average adult pulse rate when resting is 60-80 beats per minute. The rate in children is higher: between 90-100 beats a minute. The rate varies from person to person. The main reason for taking a pulse is to see that it is regular and strong.



 Some degree of shock occurs after an accident. Watch the injured person for signs of shock, even if the injury is minor..

Here is what signs to look out for.... Pale face, Feeling cold, Sweaty skin, Fast breathing, Rapid and Weak pulse, Feeling sick, Seeming anxious or Vague


Nose Bleed

 Nose bleeds can be caused by a bad cold or a hit on the nose. Sit down with your head forwards so that the blood does not run down your throat. Pinch the nostrils just below the bony part of the nose for about 15 minutes. Breathe through your mouth and do not blow your nose for a few hours. If the bleeding won't stop, see the doctor.


Signalling for help

Shouting is not the best way to get help but if someone is injured and you think that there is help nearby, cup your hands around your mouth and shout "Cooee". This sound will travel further than a short cry like help. You can also make signals with objects that can be left on show or a signal that can be repeated at regular intervals; they should have a specific meaning. Don't waste torch batteries or fuel-you may need them later. Shadow writing...

SOS is the best-known distress message. Mark SOS out on the ground by pilling earth, stones, leaves and clothes in the shape of the letters as big as possible so that pilot's can identify your position.


Making a Stretcher

 To make a stretcher, turn two coats or jackets inside out, so that the sleeves are inside and button them up. Pass two strong poles (tent poles would be ideal) through the sleeves of the coats. Test your home made stretcher before carrying anyone on it, but always remember to never move anyone that is seriously injured because you could do more damage than good.





Below is what we used in radio communication

Phonetic Alphabet..




























Morse Code...
A=( di-dah ) . -
B=( dah-di-di-dit ) - . . .
C=( dah-di-dah-dit ) - . - .
D=( dah-di-dit ) - . .
E=( dit ) .
F=( di-di-dah-dit ) . . - .
G=( dah-dah-dit ) - - .
H=( di-di-di-dit ) . . . .
I=( di-dit ) . .
J=( di-dah-dah-dah ) . - - -
K=( dah-di-dah ) - . -
L=( di-dah-di-dit ) . - . .
M=( dah-dah ) - -
N=( dah-dit ) - .
O=( dah-dah-dah ) - - -
P=( di-dah-dah-dit ) . - - .
Q=( dah-dah-di-dah ) - - . -
R=( di-dah-dit ) . - .
S=( di-di-dit ) . . .
T=( dah ) -
U=( di-di-dah ) . . -
V=( di-di-di-dah ) . . . -
W=( di-dah-dah ) . - -
X=( dah-di-di-dah ) - . .
Y=( dah-di-dah-dah ) - . - -
Z=( dah-dah-di-dit ) - - . .


(.).-.-.- the period
(?)..--.. the question sign
(,)--..-- the comma
(/)-..-. the slash
(").-..-. quotation mark
(;)-.-.-.the semicolon


The true me